The Arts and Crafts movement in the decorative and fine arts emerged out of Great Britain and flourished in Europe and the United States but also in Japan during from the 1880s until 1920. It emphasized traditional craftsmanship, simple forms, and romanticized medieval and folk styles of decoration. The movement advocated for economic and social reform, was anti-industrial and was a prominent influence on the arts until it was replaced by Modernism. Augustus Pugin, William Morris and John Ruskin each inspired local artisans like themselves to embrace simplicity, functionality and aesthetics to common life in their work. Morris encouraged people to “have nothing in your house that you do not know to be useful or believe to be beautiful.” The movement produced iconographic work in a broad range of disciplines including textiles woodworking, stained glass, metalwork, decorative arts, printing and bookbinding. Stylized botanical subjects, bird and other animal motifs and the patinated luster of natural materials and colors evoke the essence of Arts and Crafts style. In architecture, simpler forms that harken back to pre-industrial times and do not rely heavily on neoclassical principles, but favor the medieval and vernacular characterize the style.
ARTS AND CRAFTS STYLE MOULDINGS
Arts and crafts style interior trim profiles include the traditional shapes but often at a scale and manner that does not follow strict rules of classical proportion or composition. The style employs plain flat boards punctuated with blocks, corbels, and smaller mouldings. The woodwork details are often inspired by medieval and vernacular motifs and natural and organic shapes.