MOULDINGS OF THE GEORGIAN AND WREN PERIOD
Renowned British architect, Sir Christopher Wren, (1632-1723) firmly established the English Baroque style in England and with his predecessor Inigo Jones, laid the ground work for the neo-classicism of the Georgian period (1714-1837) which followed. While English Baroque architecture shows a lightness, freedom and delicacy compared to the Tudor style that preceded it, architecture of the Georgian period became more solidly and boldly neo-classical.
Wren lived during the reign (and downfall) of Charles I, the English Commonwealth under Oliver and Richard Cromwell, the Restoration of the monarchy and Charles II, The Great Plague of 1665, The Great Fire (and subsequent rebuilding) of London in 1666, James II, the Glorious Revolution and the joint reign of William (of Orange) and Mary, and Anne. Wren is credited with popularizing the bolection molding, a transitional molding functioning to retain a panel with its frame.
The Georgian period that followed saw the expansion of the British Empire, the American and French Revolutions and the continued development of neoclassicism in English architecture and that of its colonies. English Palladianism grew from the seeds planted by Inigo Jones and Christopher Wren and blossomed with the support of Lord Burlington. Lavish and elegant, the architecture of the Georgian era owes its extravagance to Wren.